How To Prevent Starvation In Africa By Increasing Food Production

Starvation in Africa is a major problem that reoccurs on a consistent basis. One only need look at the news to see that millions are going without sufficient food due to drought, skyrocketing food prices and a general lack of alternative methods of feeding themselves. These issues have been going on for hundreds of years, and with steadily increasing populations, are not likely to stop without some serious changes to the way agriculture is approached in these countries. Several methods are seen as the most effective in dealing with the problem of insufficient food production, implemented either separately or, ideally, together.

Growing Difficulties

One of the main problems with low crop yields in African countries is the unavailability of quality fertilizers and seeds.  Better varieties of these essential items have been formulated to resist environmental elements such as drought and disease, as well as to produce higher-yield crops.  Fertilizers are especially important, in that the best chemical additives will allow for multiple harvests without the fallow time normally required to rejuvenate the land.

Removing The Obstacles

Another step in helping to increase food production is to increase the power of the marketplace.  By allowing farmers better access at cheaper prices, they will be able to get necessary materials.  The removal of trade barriers such as tariffs will help the process by allowing cheaper imports to African countries.  Those countries that are not undergoing difficulties should be encouraged to trade their surplus with those who have fallen on hard times.  This creates a system of interconnectedness that helps to maintain all of Africa through cooperation and trade.

The More You Know

Education is a fundamental part of this process.  The more that people understand about the measures they can undertake on their own to increase food production and offset harmful factors, the more capable they will be of dealing with problems on their own.  This information has the benefit of being handed down from one generation to the next, creating an economically viable solution.

Governments must also become more involved in the successful production of their citizens.  This can be achieved by both encouraging the private sector to become involved in investment and providing subsidies for farmers to cover their costs.  An increase in investment will produce new technologies to increase yields.  The private sector, however, can not be the only catalyst to increasing food production.  In the past it has been shown that using the free market fails in most cases unless governments offer incentives or otherwise push private investors to become involved.

Helping Hands

Unfortunately, things like fertilizer and better seeds are still very expensive and therefore out of reach to the average impoverished farmer.  The other measures are also investments of time and money that many countries are not willing to commit to.  Past examples, however, have shown that when small farmers are given help in these ways, crop yields increase dramatically.  People will need to be willing to invest and help their fellow man in order for food production to increase to a level where starvation no longer occurs on the massive scale that it currently does, and thus put an end to this horrible problem among the African nations.

This is a guest post from Vellag Ltd – import export experts who specialise in agricultural procurement in Africa. For more information on African farming or agricultural procurement, please visit the Vellag website.

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